Sarcoma is a rare type of cancer that develops in the bone. Soft Tissue Sarcoma is a rare type of cancer that develops in the soft tissues, for example, muscle, fat, blood vessel, or nerve. If Sarcoma and Soft Tissue Sarcoma are left untreated they can spread to other parts of the body.
In the case of sarcoma it has predilection to spread to the lungs. This is why a CT scan of the lungs is needed at the time of diagnosis in order to determine the extent of the disease. The treatment of sarcoma requires a multidisciplinary approach. The team of doctors will include a surgeon, an oncologist, and a radiation oncologist, but many other physicians will be needed throughout the treatment process.
In many cases, especially for an extremity sarcoma, it can be treated with surgical excision and complex joint reconstruction. An orthopedic oncologist has special training to perform such complex, limb-salvage procedures. In addition to surgery, chemotherapy and/or radiotherapy may provide additional therapeutic benefit and this is determined on a case-by-case basis.
After initial treatment the patient requires routine surveillance to detect the local or systemic recurrence of the disease. Prognosis is dependent on many factors. Questions about prognosis can be directed to a sarcoma specialist.
Related: Soft Tissue Sarcoma